Solar pump

Solar pump
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Last updated at :
Jul 4, 2024
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The technology expansion in this era is unimaginable, though unfortunately most of the technology is harming the environment directly or indirectly. In this scenario, Solar energy comes as a pure blessing for all of us. With a boost in technology, solar energy has proved itself more useful, efficient, and environment friendly. Now, solar is booming in every sector from electricity to cars and everywhere. This blog will talk about the use of solar energy through the solar pumps.

What are the basic use of solar energy ?

The basic use of solar energy is the same in all-new technology, but innovation is the main changing factor.

what is solar pump?

A solar pump is a system that pumps water using solar energy these pumps are utilized within a wide range of housing, farming, municipal, and manufacturing applications. The whole system is mainly constituted by the Solar Panel, Voltage Frequency Drive (VFD), Panel Stand, DCDB, and Motor. The installation process is simple and minimum maintenance is necessary, though it is expensive compared to normal water pumps, but that can be easily ignored while counting the thereafter benefits.

How many categories of solar pump?

There are two categories of solar pump:

  • Surface pump
  • Submersible pump

Surface pumps:

These pumps stay above water as its name suggests, mostly used where the depth of water is within the range of 10 meters. It moves water through the pipe and can move a lot of water slowly. Surface pumps are often found on farms or large irrigation systems where water needs to be moved from the lake to the field. These pumps are easier to install and maintain compared to the submersible types.

Submersible pump:

This one that is placed underwater at all times in order to function, but the solar panel is connected to the ground. The submersible pump is used to move water from the well to the surface, used in boreholes and wells. They are more expensive to install and maintain.

Here, pipes play an important role in bringing water from the water source and taking it to where it needs to go. These pipes are attached to the pump and the pump works by the generated solar energy. The working principle in both the pumps is the same, but the location of the pump where it is placed defines its working.

solar water pump types
solar water pump types

Submersible Solar Pump working & Surface solar pump working

So now you know what a solar pump is, its type and where it is used. Let focus on how does solar pumps work and their applications.

The working principle of the solar pump is the same as the conventional water pump. The major difference between the conventional water pump and the solar water pump is the power source. The solar water pump is powered by the solar panel to operate. Afterward, the solar panel supplies power to the pump, making it work independently of any existing electrical system. Solar power is available only during the day time with clear sky, therefore if we need irrigation or power at night time we have to have a storage device that could be either a battery or a pumped storage arrangement. These pumps are available in both AC & DC technology.

Applications of solar water pump

Agricultural irrigation Household water supply

supplying water from ponds, lakes, rivers or canals.

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